Neuroplasticity: How the brain changes with learning
You cannot learn something without storing it in some form of memory for future use. From neuroscience, we know that memories are encoded by physical changes in the brain. In other words, your brain changes physically whenever you learn anything, and your brain continues to be moulded by experience and learning throughout your life.
A deeper understanding of how humans learn is urgently needed to better facilitate learning.
Growth in learning, academic attainment, and well-being
Early childhood development / Effective lifelong learning / Future of education and learning / Emotions and learning

Growth in learning, academic attainment, and well-being

Having a growth mindset can positively affect learning, academic achievement, and subjective well-being. Although the activity of some brain regions has been related to mindset, interventions in schools to promote growth-mindset beliefs are controversial.
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Science and humanities during infancy and adolescence
Early childhood development / Effective lifelong learning / Future of education and learning

Science and humanities during infancy and adolescence

Innate philosophical reasoning and the scientific method are two ways in which the human mind acquires knowledge. To take maximum advantage of their ability to develop pluralistic and reflective human minds, these capabilities should be nurtured from infancy to at least the end of secondary school, when the neural networks in the adolescent brain involved in key aspects of self-directing one’s life mature.
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Building a brain that can read: Part 2 vocabulary and meaning
Learning to read / Effective teaching

Building a brain that can read: Part 2 vocabulary and meaning

The human brain is not designed for reading. To learn to read, we must build on and connect neural systems for spoken language, visual, and meaning processing.
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Building a brain that can read: Part 1 sound and sight
Learning to read / Effective teaching

Building a brain that can read: Part 1 sound and sight

The human brain is not designed for reading. To learn to read, we must build on and connect neural systems for spoken language and visual processing.
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Brain hemispheres and education: Left, right, and wrong
Neuromyths / Effective teaching

Brain hemispheres and education: Left, right, and wrong

Despite common belief, there are no “left-brain” or “right-
brain” learners.
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Epigenetics and learning: How the environment shapes gene expression, and the possible consequences for learning and behaviour
Early childhood development / Effective lifelong learning / Emotions and learning

Epigenetics and learning: How the environment shapes gene expression, and the possible consequences for learning and behaviour

Environmental cues such as childhood parenting conditions and experiences, and adolescent experiences and lifestyle may affect the way some genes are expressed through specific epigenetic signatures that in turn may influence cognitive function necessary for learning and building a stable personality. Having a dependable, caring, supportive adult in a child’s life, as for example a teacher, can help to counteract the effects of negative experiences and parenting styles.
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Sleep, learning, and school start times in adolescence
Sleep and learning

Sleep, learning, and school start times in adolescence

A biological phase delay in the sleep-wake cycle puts adolescent students in conflict with early school start times. Shifting school start times later may help to mitigate the effects.
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Exams as a source of stress: How assessments may affect learning, through stress
Emotions and learning / Effective lifelong learning / Quality, equity, and relevance of education and learning

Exams as a source of stress: How assessments may affect learning, through stress

Stressful situations such as examinations may affect the learning process and memory in different ways. When students are required to analyse novel information relevant to the examination and apply knowledge to a novel situation, such evaluations may contribute to reinforcing skills and consolidating memory.
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